Kingston in Norfolk Island
Kingston is located on the southern coast of Norfolk Island with remnants of an early Polynesian settlement, First British Settlement structures and significant buildings and ruins from the Second British Settlement.
Much of the Kingston Reserve is used as grazing common with the foreshore along Emily and Slaughter Bays, being some of the Island’s most popular beach areas.
The ruins of the watermill, pentagonal gaol and prisoners compound are important relics of the Second British Settlement.
Slaughter Bay foreshore contains evidence of quarrying activity, remnants of road pavements, seawalls and other structures as well as intact sea walls.
This area is now known as the ‘Kingston Arthurs Vale Historical Area’ (KAVHA) site. It was listed by the National Trust (NSW) and included on the Register of the National Estate in the early 1980s, listed on the Norfolk Island Heritage Register in 2003, Australia’s National Heritage List in 2007 and included as one of the eleven places that comprise the Australian Convict Sites property, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2010.